1. Dental procedures.
i. Here, the dentist drains the abscess and removes any contamination from the area between the gums and teeth.
ii. In case of plaque buildup and periodontal diseases, the dentist recommends specialized cleaning procedures to remove the plaque and tartar. However, if the abscess is open and is releasing pus, the dentist will apply pressure to the area to allow the abscess to drain completely.
iii. After that, an X-ray will be done to see if the abscess has caused any breakdown of the bones. In case there is bone loss, procedures to help repair the bones and surrounding tissues will be recommended.
iv. If a gum abscess has affected the tooth’s inner pulp, the dentists recommend a root canal.
v. People with periapical abscesses occur when bacteria invade the pulp due to dental diseases may need a root extraction or a root canal.
2. Use of antibiotics.
Antibiotic treatments play a major role in the standard treatment of gum abscesses. An oral antibiotic kills the bacteria causing the infection and stops the infection from spreading. Antibiotics also reduce the swelling and pain in the area. Medicine, however, will not cure the abscess.
Neither will home remedies. Your dentist may recommend some simple home remedies to help relieve the pain. For example, taking over-the-counter pain medications and rinsing your mouth with warm salt water to reduce pain sensitivity.